Factors of Community Health

发布于 2023-03-28  108 次阅读


The influencing factors of community health mainly fall into four categories:

1. Biological factors In community populations, specific demographic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, marriage, susceptibility to certain diseases, and genetic risk are biological factors that affect the health level of the community.

2. Environmental factors The social environment involves many factors such as political system, economic level, culture and education, population status, technological development, and so on. A good social environment is the fundamental guarantee of people's health.

3. Health service factors The scope, content, and quality of health services are directly related to a person's birth, aging, illness, and death, as well as a series of health issues that arise therefrom.

4. Behavioral and lifestyle factors Lifestyle refers to the general term for life consciousness and living behavior habits formed under certain environmental conditions.

Nowadays, unhealthy lifestyles and unhealthy behaviors have become the main causes of harm to people's health, leading to disease and death.Health hazards are generally divided into four categories:

⑴ Daily health hazards. Mainly include: smoking, alcohol abuse, drug abuse, sexual disorder, etc.

(2) Pathogenic behavioral patterns, namely, behavioral patterns that lead to the occurrence of specific diseases. The main categories of medical education | online collection include: Type A behavior, also known as "coronary heart disease prone behavior," whose core behaviors include impatience, hostility, and a sense of time urgency. The incidence rate, recurrence rate and fatality rate of coronary heart disease were 2-4 times higher than those of ordinary people. Type C behavior, also known as "tumor prone behavior," is characterized by a high degree of emotional repression, self-control, and tolerance on the surface, but a strong tendency to suppress anger and sulk in the heart. The incidence rate of cervical cancer, gastric cancer, esophageal cancer, colon cancer, liver cancer, malignant melanoma, etc. is about three times higher than that of normal people.(可忽略)

(3) Bad living habits. There are mainly: bad dietary habits, including excessive eating, high fat, high sugar, low fiber diets, partial eating, picky eating, and excessive snacks, a preference for foods containing carcinogens, and poor eating habits; And irregular life, lack of exercise, or excessive behavior.

(4) Bad disease behavior. Disease behavior refers to the behavior of individuals from perceiving their illness to recovering from it.